The Situation.

August 30, 1862, The New York Herald

The news as far as we have received of the operations in front of Washington is very encouraging. General Pope has sent a despatch from Manassas Junction to Washington, in which he states that finding the rebels were trying to turn his position he divided his command into three columns — one under McDowell, another under Reno, and the third under his own personal command. McDowell was to interpose between the rebel forces that had passed through Thoroughfare gap and the main body at White Plains. This he accomplished successfully. Reno was to move to Greenwich and support McDowell if necessary, while the third column proceeded to Manassas Junction. At Kettle run the last met, fought and routed the rebels, who suffered severely in men, arms and camp materials. Jackson, who had evacuated his position at Manassas Junction, was met six miles west of Centreville by McDowell and Sigel, and a severe fight took place, which was terminated by darkness. Heintzelman was to have moved on to Centreville yesterday morning, with every prospect of completely defeating the rebels.

Later advices state that Generals Burnside and Pope cut their way through the rebel ranks and formed a junction with General McClellan. The rebels were driven from their positions and through the Bull Run mountain passes, with great slaughter, by Generals Hooker, Sumner and Sturgis. They are reported thoroughly routed. A general battle was expected to be fought during yesterday, and we understood that the news, as far as received, is very good.

It is implicitly believed that General McClellan has been placed in the immediate command of the whole Army of Virginia, with General Burnside as commander of the Army of the Potomac, and General Pope as commander of the Army of the Rappahannock. Although not officially announced, it is reported that General McClellan has assumed the above command.

One of our special correspondents has put us in possession of the plans of the rebels in front of Washington. Jackson, with 35,000 men, was to have marched via Shenandoah river and attack Pope in his rear, while Lee kept him engaged in front and on the right and left flanks. This plan was defeated by the retreat of Pope. Another portion of Jackson’s army was to have passed up the Shenandoah valley and cross the Potomac into Maryland. Doubtless this will be, or perhaps has already been, promptly met, and also defeated.

The arrival of the Manassas, from New Orleans August 22, brings us the intelligence of the preparation of our forces to evacuate Baton Rouge, and the establishment of the State government at New Orleans, under Governor Shepley. Enthusiastic Union meetings had also taken place in the latter city.

Recent advices from our correspondent at Helena, Arkansas, state that Brigadier General Albert Pike, of the rebel army, is under arrest for treason to the rebel government.

Civil War

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