London, October 17, 1862

General McClellan’s work during the week ending the 18th has done a good deal to restore our drooping credit here. Most of the knowing ones had already discounted the capture of Washington and the capitulation of the Free States. Some had gone so far as to presume the establishment of Jefferson Davis as the President instead of Lincoln. The last number of the Edinburgh Review has a wise prediction that this is to be effected by the joint labors of the “mob” and of “the merchants” of the city of New York. This is the guide of English intelligence of the nature of our struggle. Of course it follows that no sensible effect is produced excepting from hard blows. If General McClellan will only go on and plant a few more of the same kind in his opponent’s eyes, I shall be his very humble servant, for it will raise us much in the estimation of all our friends. Mr. Gladstone will cease to express so much admiration of Jefferson Davis, and all other things will begin to flow smoothly again.

We are all very quietly at home. Last week I made a flying trip into the north to pay a visit to a good friend of America in Yorkshire.1 It gave me an opportunity to see a very pretty region of country, and the ruins of Bolton Abbey and Barden Towers in the picturesque valley of the river Wharfe. If they only had a little more sunlight, it would be very exquisite. But the excessive profusion of verdure unrelieved by golden rays, and only covered with a leaden sky, gives an aspect of sadness to quiet scenery which I scarcely relish. On the whole I prefer the brilliancy of America, even though it be at the cost of a browner surface.

My friend is a Colonel of a volunteer regiment, after the fashion of almost everybody here. For the fear of Napoleon has made the whole world turn soldier. Whilst I was with him he had some exercise at target practice with two sections of his riflemen. I went up to witness it, and thought it on the whole very good. The distances were three, four and five hundred yards. The best hits were nineteen in twenty. Three tied at eighteen, and then all the way down to eleven, which was the poorest. It seemed to me excellent practice, but I do not profess to be a judge. I suppose our people in the army by this time are able to do full as well if not better….


1 William E. Forster.


Pleasant Valley, October 17th, 1862.

Being in a wakeful mood, I will try and compose my mind by writing a few lines in my diary, for we have become great friends—yes, confidantes—and tonight I need a confidante. Did I ever tell you, my silent friend, of my Northern home; of wife and children, loving and beloved? Then listen, while I whisper in your ear the sacred secret. I have a wife and four small children far off in Michigan. I love them with all the intensity and devotion of my nature. The thought of them is ever uppermost in my mind. In the daily, monotonous rounds of duty; in the long, dreary evenings, when folly reigns; in the stillness of the night; on the rugged, toilsome march, or in the tumult of battle, thoughts of the dear ones at home arc ever present, inspiring me with hope, encouraging me to duty, a shield against temptation, a beacon light, shining out upon the stormy sea of strife on which my frail bark is launched, enabling me, thus far, to shun the rocks and quicksands that surround me.

Our regiment returned today from Frederic, where it has been guarding the railroad. We hear that General Wilcox, Colonel Fenton and Colonel Withington are to be promoted. We are heartily glad their eminent services are about to be rewarded by the Government. They are men of marked ability, and have well earned their honors. Although it will take from us our gallant Colonel, there is some compensation even in that. It will leave the regiment in command of Lieutenant Colonel Luce, who is beloved by all our men. We have heard heavy cannonading all day, but have not learned the result. It is rumored that we will move in a day or two—perhaps tomorrow. Where we go, even rumor sayeth not. Our men say it does not matter where, so they take us where work is to be done. Two men deserted from Co. G yesterday and two today. This splendid regiment that left Detroit two months ago nearly one thousand strong, mustered today, at inspection, two hundred and fifty-six men fit for duty. There are more sick than well, the result of insufficient supplies, and brutal, needless exposure of the men by officers high in rank.

The weather is delightful—cold and frosty nights, with warm sunshiny days and pure, fresh, mountain breezes that should strengthen and invigorate, and yet, of all who came from Blackman and Sandstone, I alone am well.


OCTOBER 17TH.—The article in the Whig is backed by one of a similar character in the Examiner. We shall see what effect they will have on the policy adopted by the Secretary of War.

Although still unofficial, we have confirmatory accounts of Bragg’s victory in Kentucky. The enemy lost, they say, 25,000 men. Western accounts are generally exaggerated.

The President has appointed the following lieutenant-generals: Jackson, Longstreet, (Bishop) Polk, Hardee, Pemberton, Holmes, and Smith (Kirby).

The raid of Stuart into Pennsylvania was a most brilliant affair. He captured and destroyed much public property—respecting that of individuals. The Abolitionists are much mortified, and were greatly frightened. The plan of this expedition was received at the department to-day—just as conceived and prepared by Lee, and it was executed by Stuart in a masterly manner.

Advices from Winchester inform the government that McClellan is receiving large reinforcements. He may be determined to cross the Potomac and offer battle—as nothing less will satisfy the rabid Abolitionists. Gen. Lee is tearing up the rails on the road from Harper’s Ferry.

Our improvident soldiers lose a great many muskets. We should not have arms enough on the Potomac, were it not for those captured at Harper’s Ferry. An order will be issued, making every man responsible for the safe-keeping of his gun.


October 17.—A fight took place near Lexington, Kentucky, between a rebel force of about three thousand cavalry and six pieces of artillery, under the command of General John Morgan, and three hundred and fifty Union cavalry, under Major Charles B. Seidel, Third Ohio cavalry, resulting in a retreat of the Nationals with a loss of four killed, twenty-four wounded, and a large number of prisoners.

— To-day a band of rebel guerrillas under Quantrel, entered Shawnee, Kansas, and completely sacked it, burning thirteen houses and killing three men. Six miles south of the town they overtook two teams laden with goods. They killed one of the drivers, dangerously wounded the other, and captured the teams and goods.— Leavenworth Conservative.

—The Common Council of Boston, Massachusetts, having voted to raise the bounty to volunteers to two hundred dollars, drafting in that city ceased.

—A Union force under Acting Master Crocker, of the U. S. steamer Kensington, landed at Sabine City, Texas, attacked and routed a party of rebels five miles from the city, and burned their encampment—(Doc. 7.)

—A skirmish occurred at Thoroughfare Gap between a Union reconnoitring force under General Stahel, and a body of rebel troops, resulting in the retreat of the latter toward Haymarket. A caisson containing ammunition was captured, and about one hundred rebel prisoners were taken.—(Doc. 37.)

— Considerable difficulty was experienced by the officers appointed to complete the enrolment for the draft in Pennsylvania. In the town of Berkley, Luzerne County, the military had to be called out, who fired on the insurgents, killing four or five of their number. The draft was also resisted in Carbondale, Scranton, and other towns in the mining districts. The resistants were mostly Irishmen.


October 17, 1862, Richmond Enquirer

The emancipation proclamation of Lincoln was issued so soon after he had refused to do so, and assigned good reasons as to the folly of such a course, that his motive and expectations are matters of speculation and conjecture. We are of opinion that his main idea was to carry the elections which are about to take place in the Northern States.

The arch agitators who had given birth and strength to the Republican party, had become much dissatisfied because Lincoln did not drive as they directed, and did not attempt the impossible thing of conducting a great war, upon the whims and passions of a fanatical and half-crazy faction. With Greeley and Sumner and Chandler, and the rest of their school dissatisfied and soured, the Democrats might carry the elections. To provide against this, and to fire the zeal of the abolitionists, and bring them to the polls, Lincoln put forth his proclamation.

It seems to be producing its intended effect. Greeley, in a speech, declared that had not met three men together since the emancipation proclamation who were not happy. What delusions he and those who follow him indulge, and with what sound of empty words they are made happy will well appear from Lincoln’s colloquy with the Chicago Committee.

The Abolitionists, from the beginning of their detestable agitation, have been pursuing a phantasm. From the beginning they have fed upon fancies. And when, against reason and expostulation and warning, they had forever and forever destroyed the late Union, under the guidance of the same insane folly they set about the work of adding uncommon venom to the war, and embittered an everlasting hate to the separation. Adopting the words of an English parodist, with but a small alteration, we may well say:

“Oh the fool that is truly so never-forgets
But still fools on to the close.
Like Greeley, who appears in the storm when it sets,
As stupid as he was when it rose.”

We subjoin a review of Lincoln’s course, including his own opinion of the [click to continue…]


October 17, 1862, The New York Herald

Our Louisville Correspondence.

LOUISVILLE, Ky., Oct. 13, 1862.

The telegraph has conveyed to you information of a real battle between Harrodsburg and Danville on Saturday. Before this can reach you, the same medium will have conveyed to you the confirmation of contradiction of the same. Our forces entered Danville last night, and we are now in telegraphic communication with that point; but we get nothing from there in relation to the reported battle of Saturday.

The report of this battle was brought to Louisville by sundry persons. First there came a despatch from Lebanon announcing the fact. Then there arrived a courier from General Buell’s headquarters with official despatches. He left the army on Saturday morning, and when he left our army was drawn up in line of battle, six miles back of Perryville, and a battle was momentarily expected. Subsequently he heard heavy cannonading in the direction of Harrodsburg. Finally, a number of wounded men, including one very intelligent Union captain, have arrived from Perryville, who all agree that when they left there — on Saturday noon — there was very heavy cannonading going on along the entire line, and that Col. Wolford, with his Kentucky cavalry, had made a brilliant dash on the enemy left, near Danville, capturing a battery of light artillery, one hundred and sixty wagons loaded with military stores, and nearly a thousand prisoners. These had been sent to the rear at Perryville, and had been seen by my informants. It is possible, however, that the heavy firing heard was merely our batteries shelling the enemy’s rear. Or if there was any fighting it was confined to our extreme left, the particulars of which have not yet reached Danville.

All accounts agree that the rebels have retreated across the river, and are now [click to continue…]


October 17, 1862, The Charleston Mercury

KNOXVILLE, October 16. — The news of the fight in Kentucky is confirmed by two couriers, who report that the fight began at Perryville, in Boyle county, on Monday morning, the 6th inst. Gen. HARDEE commanded our left, Gen. BUCKNER our centre, and Gens. MARSHALL and MORGAN our right. The result of the first day’s fight was that HARDER captured 1500 prisoners, with very heavy slaughter of the enemy. On Tuesday the fight was renewed with still greater slaughter of the enemy, HARDEE capturing 4000 prisoners, and MARSHALL and MORGAN capturing 3200 prisoners. The enemy was driven back twelve miles with tremendous slaughter. Our loss in the whole engagement was very small. We are not prepared to say what Generals were in command of the Yankee forces, except Gen. THOMAS, who encountered Gen. HARDEE. We captured 40 pieces of cannon.

The following is an extract of a letter received last night from Col. PALMER, who is at Cumberland Gap: ‘The wounded soldiers are here from the battle of Perryville, also a Captain belonging to a Tennessee regiment. They report that, on Tuesday and Wednesday, BRAGG and HARDER fought the enemy at Perryville, and drove them back ten miles — taking about 2000 prisoners, and killing and wounding about 1500; that, on the next day, WITHERS’ division engaged the enemy, and captured 9000 prisoners, and, on Friday, KIRBY SMITH engaged them on their right, and beat them back, capturing 500 prisoners, killing Gen. JACKSON and capturing Gen. CRITTENDEN. The enemy are said to have had 75,000 men opposed to Gen. BRAGG.’


October 17, 1862, Peoria Morning Mail (Illinois)

The state of Illinois, more than any other in the West, has been the recipient of the discarded contrabands of the south—the helpless children and indigent women who are unable to support themselves, and suffering for the want of the necessaries of life, are thrown upon the people of Illinois, for subsistence. The suffering condition of these unfortunates has been set forth through the public prints, and human individuals have endeavored to the extent of their power to alleviate their wants.

The people of Illinois, in a little more than a fortnight will be called upon at the ballot box to testify their approval or disapproval of these encroachments upon the laws and the constitution of the state. They will be called upon to say whether negro service in the free state of Illinois should be permitted to come in competition with the laboring classes of our state who have made their homes with us, who are building for themselves a position in the community, and who if their own vocations be wrested from them, will become sufferers indeed.

Moreover the election will not be for the benefit of the people of Illinois alone. It will have an influence abroad; it will be felt throughout the North and may even penetrate the circles of governmental authority in Washington. If the state shall by a decided vote of the people declare itself in sentiment against the unwise policy which has been pursued, it may be the administration will take cognizance of such an expression of opinion and seek to relieve it.—At least let us hope so.


October 17, 1862, The New York Herald

An advance of our army into Virginia was made from Harper’s Ferry yesterday. At six o’clock in the morning General Humphrey’s division crossed at Blackfordford and advanced on Sheperdstown, supported by General Porter’s division. He was met by the rebels, who opened a heavy fire upon him; and as General Humphrey had no artillery, and the object of the reconnoissance being accomplished, he withdrew his forces across the river.

About the same time a portion of Sumner’s corps, consisting of part of General Richardson’s and General Sedgewick’s divisions, under command of General Hancock, advanced from Bolivar Heights along the road to Charlestown, and met the enemy’s pickets in force, supported by a battery, near Halltown, driving them with artillery in, and following them up towards Charlestown, which place our troops occupied at noon. At four o’clock we formed in line of battle, with our infantry along the heights near Bunker Hill, the enemy’s line extending from that point to the Shenandoah. A slight skirmish ensued, and the rebels fell back, our forces pushing on to a position two miles farther. Immediately after the firing was heard all the troops along Bolivar, Loudon and Maryland Heights were under arms and ready to move. General McClellan, accompanied by his wife, passed through Harper’s Ferry in the afternoon, en route for our advance posts, on the Winchester road, arriving in Charlestown at two o’clock P.M.

Heavy rains took place last night at eight o’clock on the Potomac, and if it continues there is every possibility of a rise in the river, which may make some serious difference at the various fords.

A reconnoitering party from General Sigel’s force towards Leesburg, by way of Dranesville, returned yesterday and reported that General Stuart’s rebel cavalry occupied Leesburg from Sunday morning until two o’clock Monday afternoon. Their force is [click to continue…]


October 17, 1862, The New York Herald

From Captain George Hagar, late of the ship Brilliant, of New York, which vessel, with many others, has been destroyed by the rebel pirate Alabama, we have the following exceedingly interesting particulars relative to the operations of the pirate, a description of the vessel, and an account of the manner in which Captain Semmes conducts himself in the presence of strangers.

Captain Hagar gives us the following detailed report of the capture and destruction of his ship, the Brilliant; also the reports of Captain S. R. Tilton, of the whaling bark Virginia, and Captain David R. Gifford, of the whaling bark Elisha Dunbar, both of whose vessels have fallen into the clutches of Semmes, and been destroyed: —


Captain Hagar, late of the ship Brilliant, reports that he was from New York, bound to London, on the morning of Oct. 8, in latitude 40, longitude 50 30, the wind from northeast, with a large ship in company, about a mile to windward. Soon after a steamer was seen on the weather bow, standing to the westward, under sail. The steamer, on nearing the ship to the windward; ran up at her peak the St. George cross, and in a few minutes after fired a gun across her bow, at the same time displaying the rebel flag. The American colors were set, and the ship hove to, and a boat from the steamer went alongside. The steamer then wore round and made sail for the Brilliant. We set our colors, and, on the steamer nearing us, fired a gun across our stern, when we hove to. A boat was then sent alongside, with two officers and a boatcrew, all armed, and on their reaching the deck of the ship claimed her as a prize to the Confederate steamer Alabama, Captain Semmes, with orders for me to go in the boat to the steamer, with all my ship papers. [click to continue…]


October 17, 1862, The Charleston Mercury

A PATRIOTIC DAUGHTER of South Carolina, wishing to aid our suffering army in Virginia, will give five hundred flower plants, to be raffled at a dollar a chance. The plants consist of Japonicas, Geraniums, Rose Trees, Evergreens, and a choice collection of Flowers for the past seven years. Any one not willing to give the dollar may send that amount of hospital stores, and be entitled to a prize. The plants can be seen at the southwest corner of Cannon and Rutledge streets. The names of the donors and the distribution of the money will be published as soon as possible after the raffle. Those in the country may direct to Mrs. D. R., Box 118.


October 17, 1862, The Charleston Mercury


RICHMOND, Monday, October 13.

It is to be hoped that the Examiner’s sanguine view of BRAGG’S fight at Perryville may prove correct. But the fight was not over at the last accounts. BRAGG seems to have retreated with the view of drawing his pursuers on and turning upon the foremost of them to overwhelm them, before the others could catch up. But Buell’s divisions were within supporting distance of each other, and we may expect a repetition of Sharpsburg, where we repulsed the enemy.

Congress adjourns today. In the face of the Insurrection Proclamation — the most infamous atrocity of modern times — the whole matter of retaliation is left in the hands of the President, whose squeamishness is well known. The Whig says is a significant circumstance that the adoption of a Seal (without which treaties with foreign powers cannot be properly authenticated) has been urged by the Secretary of State.

A gentleman, visiting in New Kent, became apprised of this singular incident, which illustrates the depopulation of that county. Two young ladies, who had become sickened to death with the sight of Yankees, pledged themselves to each other to kiss the first Confederate soldier that came along. McClellan retreated to Old Point, and for many days no man was visible at all. At last a poor fellow came dragging wearily up to the door. The girls peeped out and asked him if he was a Yankee. ‘No, I am a Confederate soldier, born in this neighborhood, and all I want is a drink of water.’ The door was thrown wide open, the girls rushed out, fell upon him, kissed him, caught him by both arms and pulled him in the house, clothed him, fed him, washed him, and drank him till he was ready to burst. He became so bewildered that he has never been able to leave the neighborhood from that day — three weeks ago — to this.

We have had a very cold rain storm. It is now warmer but cloudy.



October 17, 1862, Nashville Daily Union (Tennessee)

To-morrow, Saturday afternoon, is set apart for the benefit of our old friend Ed. Wight. Through the kindness of Capt. Hayden, who is in command of the 19th Illinois Regiment, he has succeeded in getting a squad of that far-famed Regiment to go through the movements and evolutions of the celebrated Ellsworth Zouaves.

Many of the soldiers comprising this Regiment visited the principal cities of the Union, with the late Col. Ellsworth, electrifying the public, and even surprising officers who had commanded the French Zouaves of Crimean notoriety. There has been a host of imitators of the Ellsworth drill, but as yet we have seen none who could approach them. It has been the pride of the whole Regiment to perfect themselves in this novel drill, and it is indeed a grand and exciting sight to see the whole Regiment, as if it were one man going through the bayonet exercise.

The squad will be under the command of Lieut. Geo. W. Bishop. The stage will be enlarged for the occasion, and there will be as many soldiers as can drill to advantage. They will give in full the bayonet drill, skirmishing, manual of arms, loading, etc., etc., as taught by the lamented Ellsworth, whose name and fame as an officer and patriot will ever continue to remain indelibly engraved on the hearts of every American citizen. Moreover the 19th Illinois Regiment not only excel in exercise but in the battle-field amid the roar and din of cannon and musketry, the gallant 19th have never yet been known to turn their backs, and it is indeed with pleasure we make the announcement that a squad of these brave and undaunted soldiers will give the citizens of Nashville an opportunity of seeing a part of the gallant band who carried the palm throughout the country in point of drill and military tactics.


October 17, 1862, Daily Times (Leavenworth, Kansas)

A Hospital for the troops in the Fort Scott district has been established at Marmaton. Suitable buildings will be erected. Between one and two hundred patients have already been taken there, occupying the hotel, one store and several dwelling houses, which have been rented for the purpose.


October 17, 1862, Daily Times (Leavenworth, Kansas)

Camp of 2d Brigade, Army of Kansas,
Near Sarcoxie, Mo., Oct. 2d, 1862.

Dear Times.—Doubtless, before this letter reaches you, you will have heard something of the fight which took place in this vicinity on the 30th ult.; nevertheless, a somewhat detailed account of the affair may not be without interest to your readers. considering the number of men engaged on our side, there have been few bloodier battles in this region famous for bloody battles.

It had been ascertained that the rebels were concentrating a force in the neighborhood of Newtonia, twelve miles south of this place. Gen. Saloman (now the ranking officer and commanding the forces here,) sent out, on the evening of the 29th a detachment, consisting of four companies of the Kansas 9th, (cavalry) with two howitzers, four companies of the Wisconsin 9th, (infantry) with three pieces of Captain Stockton’s battery, one company of the Kansas 6th, and one of the 3d Indian regiment, in all about 400 men, under command of Col. Lynde, with orders to proceed in the direction of Newtonia, to reconnoitre, and to ascertain, if possible, the strength of the enemy.

Early on the morning of the 30th cannonading was heard, which presently became so heavy and continuous as to render it evident that our party was engaged in something more serious than a mere skirmish, and measures were taken to send forward reinforcements as rapidly as possible. The Kansas 6th was dispatched with two howitzers immediately, and very soon the whole force was in motion towards the scene of action. In the mean time the fight was going on, and we had proceeded but a short distance until messengers began to arrive, asking urgently for reinforcements, as our [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, The New York Herald

Our Army Correspondence.


When I wrote you yesterday morning, immediately subsequent to the battle of the day before, I was willing to admit that it was a drawn battle, and only claimed that we had, with ten thousand men, held our own against thirty thousand of the enemy. But now that I have had time to look over the field, to talk with prisoners and our wounded left beyond our line, I claim a victory. There are thousands of evidences of the complete and disastrous defeat of the enemy. But now that I have had time to look over the field, to talk with prisoners and our wounded left beyond our line, I claim a victory. There are thousands of evidences of the complete and disastrous defeat of the enemy. And it is due to the gallant Rousseau, who alone conducted the engagement, and whose division, unaided, won the victory, that he should have the credit that is undoubtedly due him.

General Rousseau conducted himself bravely. He was with the front line all the seven hours of the conflict and exposed himself to most terrible fires. That he is a brave and noble commander has been shown in this terrible conflict, as well as when commanding but a brigade in the battle of Shiloh. His men everywhere along the line hailed him in the midst of the conflict with the most enthusiastic cheers. He rode up and down the line continually amidst the hottest fire ever experienced in the West. He conducted every movement of his own division, and has displayed ability as a commander of the highest order. If ever a general won the right of promotion, Rousseau did in this fight. General Mitchel, with the same division and without a battle, won his double stars. At Shiloh McCook won his, and yet today this same McCook declared, in my hearing, that Shiloh was a common street brawl compared to this battle. In this battle one division of six or seven thousand men lost more in killed than did all of our army in the battle of Bull Run; and one brigade lost in killed more than the whole division of Nelson lost at Shiloh. Though at Buena Vista and Shiloh, Rousseau declares he never saw such a fire as was kept up in this battle. To Lovell H. Rousseau the honor of conducting this battle is due, and it is due to him and the gallant men whom he commands that the double stars he has won should be conferred upon him.

The right brigade was driven back, as I have described in the detailed account sent you yesterday. The men were despondent, but not despairing. They were not beaten, though overpowered. But we did not know that we had actually gained the day, and that the rebels were as glad for night to come as we. The wounded left on the field when the right fell back state that no sooner had night masked them than the rebels began to retire. They fell back in haste, bearing their wounded, but none of their dead, and taking many of our wounded officers with them. Almost all their dead were left on the field, and have been counted by our men. The rebels buried one man, a captain in Maney’s brigade. Our men have counted three hundred and fifty-four dead on the field, exclusive of a heap thrown into a ravine and hastily covered with brush. Seventeen were left in a hog pen. Many hundreds of their wounded were left on the field, at hospitals provided for them. There are three hundred at one house on the field, and which the rebel attendants call Cheatham Hospital. Up to this time no flag of truce has appeared to ask leave to bury their rebel dead, and it is to be presumed they will have to be buried by our men. The scene is a terrible one.

The citizens of Harrodsburg are flocking to the field. They uniformly state that the rebel retreat to Harrodsburg was made in the utmost confusion. A panic seemed to possess them. They abandoned Perryville as soon as they learned the result on the right, and it is said they are now abandoning Harrodsburg. A citizen of Harrodsburg states that there are 2,000 wounded in the hospitals there, and that they will be abandoned by the rebels to our care. Many of the citizens of Harrodsburg witnessed the battle. Dead bodies have been found four miles north of the battle field. It is not improbable that the rebels will now rapidly retreat, and give us no more battles. The battle was a glorious but bloody victory. We have recaptured Captain Parson’s battery and taken three pieces of the enemy’s artillery, over one thousand stand of arms, a corps colors, five hundred unwounded prisoners, and not less than two thousand five hundred wounded, many of whom will die.

Captain Jones, of General Rousseau’s staff, was taken prisoner after the fight while looking for the body of Colonel W. H. Lytle, who it was supposed, was dead. He and Captain Grover, of Colonel Lytle’s staff, were engaged in the task together, when they were approached by General Polk and escort and compelled to surrender. They were taken to Harrodsburg, and remained the guests of General Polk until paroled. They represent Polk as a jocular fellow, who is continually punning. This is the only characteristic mentioned of him. General Bragg was on the field, and Captain Jones had an interview with Buckner at Polk’s headquarters.

With Captain Grover the rebels were less taciturn than with Captain Jones, and asked and answered many questions. A colonel, whose name Captain Grover could not recall, addressing Grover, asked:

“Was not that Rousseau who rode up and down the line with his hat on his sword?”

“Yes,” replied Captain Grover.

“We supposed it was,” said the Colonel; “it was very plain he had a brigadier’s uniform on.” General Rousseau wore his uniform throughout the battle.

“We had a description of him,” said the Colonel. “Our sharpshooters are as well acquainted with Rousseau as if they saw him every day. He’s fine looking fellow.”

“We think so,” said Grover.

The officers who had fought on our left told Captain Grover that it was the hottest fire they had every known, and that our left had fought with wonderful desperation and courage.

“Yes,” said Grover; “if you had broken it Rousseau knew you would have taken all his trains, and for that reason he conducted the left in person.”

“We knew that,” replied the Colonel, [….] tried to break it, but in vain. We have never had so desperate a fight since the war began as the fight on your left.”


October 17, 1862, The Charleston Mercury

Every nation has representatives at all the great points amongst foreign nations where its interests can be affected. Hence Ambassadors are sent to governments, and Consuls to great commercial countries. Beginning our career as a people, with great interests and peculiar institutions but little understood, it was our policy to send commercial agents to all the chief cities of the world who could rightly represent our cause. At all these points the United States had their agents. To counteract their influence, and to disclose the truth, the Confederate States should have had representatives there also. This was the policy declared by the Confederate Congress at its very first session, by the law authorizing the appointment of Consuls and Consular Agents, and by the large appropriation of one hundred thousand dollars to carry it out. Something has been done lately, we believe, to carry out this policy; but at first the Confederate Government steadily and obstinately refused to recognize its wisdom or to enforce it. If the statesmen in the Provisional Congress are to be judged by the non-action of the Administration, why certainly they have manifested very little ability or foresight. The truth is, the diplomacy of the Administration has been very remarkable. It has consisted in doing nothing; and our Secretary of State is a far greater nonentity than the Secretary of the Navy, whose office the Congress lately tried to abolish. The whole Government has seemed to be taken up with but one object — the exercise, on the part of the Executive, of patronage and power. Who to put up and who to put down, is the grand sum total of its efforts and energies. To send Commissioners out to Europe without powers to make commercial treaties, and not to send Consular Agents to explain and defend our cause, seems to have been the two grand features of its diplomacy. The result is not at all wonderful. Were it not for our cotton, which appeals to the interests of nations, and the valor of our soldiery, which appeals to their admiration and respect, our cause would long since have been destroyed. Even that lower feature of diplomacy — dignity, where there was no skill — has not been preserved. After our Commissioners [click to continue…]


October 17, 1862, American Citizen (Canton, Mississippi)

During the past week there has been a great influx of sick, wounded and disabled soldiers into our town. The hospitals are all full of the sick and wounded, and our streets are alive with the disabled and convalescing. Many have been provided with more comfortable quarters by our generous and hospitable country friends, while all have been provided with food, &c., by the kind-hearted ladies of city and vicinity. The most of these soldiers are from Van Dorn’s army, and many of them were in the battle of Corinth.


October 16 — This morning the Yankees advanced on our picket post with cavalry, artillery, and infantry. One gun of our battery and three pieces of the Richmond Howitzers fought them and held them in check until our ammunition was exhausted, then retired from action, as it is perfectly indiscreet to try to hold a position without ammunition, especially under fire. The Yankees advanced as far as Charlestown. We fell back two miles south of Charlestown on the Berryville pike, took a position commanding the pike, and remained there until night, when we moved back a mile to our old camp. We remained there but a little while and moved back about eight miles from Charlestown, and camped. In the artillery fight this morning one man of the Richmond Howitzers was killed and two wounded.



Thursday, October 16th.

It seems an age since I have opened this book. How the time has passed since, I have but a vague idea, beyond that it has passed very pleasantly. . . . Once since, I have been with Mrs. Badger to a Mr. Powell, who has started quite an extensive shoemaking establishment, in the vain attempt to get something to cover my naked feet. I am so much in need that I have been obliged to borrow Lydia’s shoes every time I have been out since she returned. This was my second visit there, and I have no greater satisfaction than I had at first. He got my measure, I got his promise, and that is the end of it, thus far. His son, a young man of about twenty-four, had the cap of his knee shot off at Baton Rouge. Ever since he has been lying on his couch, unable to stand; and the probability is that he will never stand again. Instead of going out to the manufactory, Mrs. Badger has each time stopped at the house to see his mother (who, by the way, kissed me and called me “Sissie,” to my great amusement) and there I have seen this poor young man. He seems so patient and resigned that it is really edifying to be with him. He is very communicative, too, and seems to enjoy company, no matter if he does say “her ‘n” and his ‘n.” Wonder why he does n’t say “shisen” too? The girls are highly amused at the description I give of my new acquaintance, but still more so at Mrs. Badger’s account of the friendship of this poor young cripple, and his enjoyment of my visits. Of course it is only her own version, as she is very fond of jokes of all kinds.

Night before last Lydia got playing the piano for me in the darkened parlor, and the old tunes from her dear little fingers sent me off in a sea of dreams! She too caught the vision, and launched off in well-remembered quadrille. The same scene flashed on us, and at each note, almost, we would recall a little circumstance, charming to us, but unintelligible to Anna, who occupied the other side. Together we talked over the dramatis persona. Mrs. Morgan, Jr., in dark blue silk with black flounces, a crimson chenille net on her black hair, sits at the piano in her own parlor. On the Brussels carpet stands, among others, Her Majesty, Queen Miriam, in a lilac silk, with bare neck and arms save for the protection afforded by a bertha of appliqué lace trimmed with pink ribbon, with hair à la madonna, and fastened low on her neck. Is she not handsome as she stands fronting the folding doors, her hand in tall Mr. Trezevant’s, just as she commences to dance, with, the tip of her black bottine just showing? Vis-à-vis stands pretty Sophie, with her large, graceful mouth smiling and showing her pretty teeth to the best advantage. A low neck and shortsleeved green and white poplin is her dress, while her black hair, combed off from her forehead carelessly, is caught by a comb at the back and falls in curls on her shoulders. A prettier picture could not be wished for, as she looks around with sparkling eyes, eager for the dance to begin. There stands calm Dena in snuff-colored silk, looking so immeasurably the superior of her partner, who, I fancy, rather feels that she is the better man of the two, from his nervous way of shifting from one foot to the other, without saying a word to her. Nettie, in lilac and white, stands by the mantel laughing undisguisedly at her partner, rather than with him, yet so good-humoredly that he cannot take offense, but rather laughs with her. Lackadaisical Gertrude, whose face is so perfect in the daytime, looks pale and insipid by gaslight, and timidly walks through the dance. Stout, good-natured Minna smiles and laughs, never quite completing a sentence, partly from embarrassment, partly because she hardly knows how; but still so sweet and amiable that one cannot find fault with her for so trifling a misfortune. At this point, Lydia suggests, “And Sarah, do you forget her?” I laugh; how could I forget? There she stands in a light blue silk checked in tiny squares, with little flounces up to her knee. Her dress fits well, and she wears very pretty sleeves and collar of appliqué. Lydia asks if that is all, and how she looks. The same old song, I answer. She is looking at Miriam just now; you would hardly notice her, but certainly her hair is well combed. That is all you can say for her. Who is she dancing with? A youth fond of “dreams”; futile ones, at that, I laughingly reply. He must be relating one just now, for there is a very perceptible curl on her upper lip, and she is looking at him as though she thought she was the tallest. Lydia dashes off into a lively jig. “Ladies to the right!” I cried. She laughed too, well knowing that that part of the dance was invariably repeated a dozen times at least. She looked slyly up: “I am thinking of how many hands I saw squeezed,” she said. I am afraid it did happen, once or twice.

Eighteen months ago! What a change! One who was prominent on such occasions — Mr. Sparks —they tell me is dead. May God have mercy on his soul, in the name of Jesus Christ! I did not ask even this revenge.


Thursday, 16th.—Detail of fifteen more men this morning, rolling wagons up Big Hill. Two men killed last night by being accidentally thrown over bluff. Two more badly burned with powder. Were tearing up cartridges, and putting powder in canteen. Wagons ordered to Rock Castle River; think it very certain we are going back into Tennessee. Driving out great many cattle; left most of our cooking vessels at foot of Big Hill. Burning most of the tents. Heard good sermon by Chaplin Kramer; left camps at sundown; started up Big Hill at dark; being unwell, got permission to go ahead of regiment; got to top, 9 P. M. J. A. Park and I went on about two miles and lay down and went to sleep.


OCTOBER 16TH.—There is no confirmation of the reported victory in Kentucky.

An Englishman, who has been permitted to go North, publishes there a minute and pretty accurate description of our river defenses.

I have written a leading article for the Whig to-morrow, on “Martial Law and Passports.” My plan is to organize committees in all the border counties to examine the passports of strangers seeking egress from the country; and to permit loyal citizens, not desiring to pass our borders, or the lines of the armies, to travel without passports. An officer and a squad of soldiers at the depots can decide what soldiers are entitled to pass on the roads.

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