October 18.—To-day as a small party of the Forty-third Indiana regiment were doing picket duty in the vicinity of Helena, Arkansas, they were attacked by a gang of rebel guerrillas, killing one and taking several of their number prisoners.

—The British frigate, Racer, by permission of Flag-Officer Green, commanding U. S. blockading squadron off South-Carolina, entered Charleston Harbor, and took away the British Consul. —The Twenty-third Maine and the Fourteenth New-Hampshire regiments, left Boston this morning for New-York, en route for the seat of war.

— A skirmish occurred in the vicinity of Lexington, Kentucky, between a detachment of the Fourth Ohio cavalry, under the command of Captain Robey, and a large force of rebel cavalry under General John H. Morgan, resulting in the capture of the entire National force. The rebels then dashed into Lexington, capturing the provost-guard, and without stopping any length of time, moved off in the direction of Versailles, Kentucky. By this operation General Morgan secured about three hundred and fifty horses, with their equipments, as many prisoners, and the arms and accoutrements of the men. He paroled the prisoners.

—Ten of Porter’s rebel guerrillas, Willis Baker, Thomas Humston, Morgan Bixler, John Y. McPheeters, Herbert Hudson, John M. Wade, Marion Sair, Captain Thomas A. Snider, Eleazer Lake, and Hiram Smith, held as hostages by order of General McNeil, for the safe return of Andrew Allsman, an aged citizen of Palmyra, Mo., who had been carried off by the guerrillas, were publicly shot this day.—(Doc. 10.)

—Nine Union pickets were fired upon and killed by rebel guerrillas at a point on the Mississippi opposite Helena, Ark.—A supply train of seven wagons laden with forage and commissary stores for the use of the reconnoitring force under General Stahel, was captured by a body of rebel cavalry at Haymarket, and taken to Warrenton, Va. A lieutenant and twenty-six Union soldiers were also made prisoners.

—A body of seven hundred rebel cavalry came upon a party of thirty-two Union cavalry under command of Lieutenant Baldwin, at Haymarket, Va., capturing all but nine of them, who made their escape after a severe chase.—(Doc. 37.)


October 18, 1862, Southern Illustrated News

Written for the Illustrated News.
By Hard Cracker.

(1.) Man that is born of woman and enlisteth in “Jackson’s army” is of few days and short rations.

(2.) He cometh forth at “reveille,” is present also at “retreat,” and retireth apparently at “taps.”

(3.) He draweth his rations from the commissary and devoureth the same; he striketh his teeth against much hard bread, and is satisfied; he filleth his canteen with “aqua pura,” and clappeth the mouth thereof upon the “bung” of a whiskey barrel, and after a little while goeth away rejoicing at his strategy.

(4.) Much soldiering hath made him sharp; yea, even the sole of his shoe is in danger of being cut through.

(5.) He covenanteth with the credulous farmer for many chickens, and much milk and honey, to be paid for promptly at the end of each six days, when lo! on the 5th day the army moveth to another part.

(6.) His tent is filled with potatoes, pies, corn and other morsels for his delicate appetite, which abound not in said commissary department; and many other borrowed things, which will never be returned. Of a surety, it must be said of “Jackson’s foot cavalry,” “they take not that which they cannot reach.”

(7.) He fireth his Minie rifle at the dead hour of night, and the camp is roused and formed in line—when, to his mess he cometh bearing a fine “porker”—which he declareth [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, Nashville Daily Union (Tennessee)

We hear but little of late from the land of Houston. The St. Joseph Journal, however, has some information of the old chieftain of Texas, as well as the Union sentiment of his people.

It seems that five refugees from Texas have been on trial before the Provost Marshal of St. Joseph, being arrested in that city. The evidence in their cases established the fact that they were Union refugees from Texas fleeing to avoid the conscription act. The Journal thus sums up their case as told by themselves:

They stated that they had came up through the Indian Territory and Kansas. They met with no molestation until they got into Kansas, when they were arrested by a nigger company and one of their horses taken away from them.

They represent a very strong Union feeling existing all through Texas, and think a Union army of 10,000 men could march through the entire length and breadth of the State, and have their numbers doubled by the time they got through.

Gen. Sam Houston still lives, and remains true to the old flag. All of the Houston influence is strongly in favor of the old Government, and what they have done to oppose it has been extorted at the point of the bayonet.

The refugees report that it is a very difficult matter to leave Texas. There are thousands there who would leave at a moment’s warning were they permitted to do so. All of the refugees were single men, with but one exception, and he left his family behind.

They were en route to Rock Island, Illinois. One of them bore a letter of recommendation as a steadfast Union man from the Hon. Mr. Washburn, one of the [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, Weekly Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock)

To the Citizens of Jefferson Co.—I am authorized to receive and take to the regiment any and all such clothing as the friends of company C, (Captain Otey, formerly Captain McSwine’s) may see proper to contribute. They will send them to Pine Bluff and deposit them at the house of Levi & Meyer, with the name of the soldier for whom they are intended, marked on each garment. Blankets, quilts or any substitutes are much needed. It is desired that the clothing be ready by the 22d of October.

C. T. Harris, Lt. Co. B.

Pine Bluff, Sept. 30, 1862.

It will be seen from the above that our soldiers are in need of clothing. The winter is coming on and the men who are fighting our battles for us should not be allowed to suffer for the clothing they need as long as there is any in the State or county. We fear that our people at home are not so strenuous in their efforts as at first. We fear that they depend too much now upon the efforts of the government to supply what is needful—forgetting that the government depends alone upon the people. Unless great exertions are made, and made now, our brave defenders will be upon the wet and frozen ground without covering, and be forced to defend our homes exposed to the bleak and piercing winds of winter—ragged and barefoot. Shall this be so? Shall we who are at home comfortably clad, sitting by warm fires, allow those who endure the fatigues and hardships of the camp to want, while we have anything to spare to add to their comfort? In the name of our soldiers—in the name of our struggling country, we appeal to the people to arouse themselves and use every exertion to supply every deficiency we can. As long as this war lasts—as long as our ports are blockaded and the markets of [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, Daily Times (Leavenworth, Kansas)

We learn that the contraband regiment was to be mustered into the service at Barnesville yesterday. It is reported that, by order from Gen. Curtis, they will be employed in strengthening and finishing the fortifications at Fort Lincoln, and in fortifying Barnesville. In this they may be of some use.


October 18, 1862, Mobile Register and Advertiser (Alabama)

A gentleman up the country sent to town the other day for a toothbrush. On inquiry nothing of the sort could be obtained for less than $5, and not a first rate article at that. The ladies who use snuff for a dentifrice have from time immemorial employed a brush of hickory or linn bark to rub it in with.


October 18, 1862, Weekly Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock)

A subscription has been raised to purchase wood for the destitute during the coming winter. It will be distributed under the direction of the City Council. A committee will be appointed to ascertain the number and the wants of the needy. Persons who have not subscribed to this fund have the opportunity of doing so still.


October 18, 1862 , Savannah Republican(Georgia)

A Mr. Spencer, a New Yorker, but for some years past a workman in the jewelry store of Wilmot & Co. (now Richmond) in this city, was sent down the river a few weeks ago under a flag of truce, under representations that he had children at the North who were suffering in his absence. The gentleman has arrived in new York, and like his predecessors, has told his story of men and affairs in the South. It appears in the New York Times, as follows:

The feeling of the citizens of Savannah with reference to the rebellion, Mr. Spencer represents as being nearly unanimous in favor of continuing the course they have begun, and of never yielding until they have gained their independence. Many of them openly declare that they would prefer becoming the subjects of a foreign power to a reunion with the National government. Not a few openly avowed that they had mediated the movement for twenty years past, and that in the election of Lincoln they saw their opportunity. The Northern men, of whom there are a great many in Savannah, as well as all the Southern cities, are mostly Union men at heart, but they are obliged to disavow, or at the best to conceal, their sentiments. There is, however, nothing like the reign of terror visiting them at present there was at the beginning of the rebellion. The “Rattlesnake Club” and “Vigilance Committee,” at whose instigations so many outrages were committed on Union men and strangers at the commencement of the movement, have pretty much died out. The better class of citizens were compelled to discountenance them in self-preservation, and to save their whole social fabric from tumbling into anarchy, and their opposition, together with the fact that the leading desperadoes, with most of their rank and file, have found their way into the army, has at length relieved the city from much of the terrorism that formerly existed. Considerable freedom of expression is now allowed, provided it is judiciously indulged in, and with reference to the demerits of the neighboring State of South Carolina, the utmost latitude is permitted and even approved. Mr. Spencer says he has often openly expressed the [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, Weekly Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock)

Notwithstanding the many demands which have been made upon the patriotism and generosity of the people of the Trans-Mississippi Department, I am compelled by my position and the necessities of the suffering soldiers under my charge, to make still another draft upon the resources of those who have never yet been found wanting in the dutiful response to the calls for aid, addressed to them on behalf of their country or its brave defenders.

It is indispensably necessary for the comfort and speedy care of the soldiers now in the Hospitals at this post—that the buildings should be thoroughly warmed during the approaching winter season. No stove or pipe are procurable here, and some TWENTY-FIVE STOVES, with about six hundred feet of pipe are required, and must be furnished, or the soldiers now in the hospitals will, owing to the inadequate supply of bed clothing, suffer severely from the effects of cold, and possibly be hurried by it to their graves. Under these circumstances, I appeal to the people of the country who have more stoves and pipe than they need for actual service and comfort, to send them here to me, for use in the Hospitals, without respect to size of stove, or diameter of pipe. A reasonable price will be paid for them by the Post Quarter-master, upon my certificate of the correctness of the account.

C. M. Taylor, Post Surgeon.

Little Rock, Ark., Oct. 13th, 1862.


October 18, 1862, Savannah Republican(Georgia)

A contemporary, in considering the high price for flour, says: “The millers pay on an average about two dollars and forty cents per bushel for wheat, and yet they charge seventeen dollars for superfine flour. Now, in our day, it used to be that four and a half bushels of good wheat would make one barrel superfine flour, leaving offal, and allowing an eighth for the profits of grinding. This calculation would make this quality of flour worth $11. Then why is it held at $17? Has wheat taken the disease of extortion, and refused to yield as formerly when ground into flour, or is it pure unadulterated extortion of the millers? We fear it is the latter.


October 18, 1862, Southern Illustrated News

This young lady, who has, by her devotion to the Southern cause, called down upon her head the anathemas of the entire Yankee press, was in our city last week. Through the politeness of Mr. Cowel, the artist at Minnis’ gallery, we are enabled, in this issue of our paper, to present her picture.

Miss Belle is the daughter of Benjamin B. Boyd of Martinsburg, at which place he was for a long time prominently engaged in the mercantile profession. He afterwards removed to Knoxville, Tennessee, where he lived about three years, but returned to Martinsburg about two years previous to the breaking out of the present war. Her mother was the daughter of Captain Glenn of Jefferson county. Miss Belle is the oldest child of her parents, and is about 23 years of age. An uncle of Miss Belle, James W. Glenn, of Jefferson county, commanded a company during the present war, known as the “Virginia Rangers,” until recently, the captaincy of which he resigned on account of ill-health. James E. Stuart, a prominent politician of the Valley, and who was a member of the Virginia Convention of 1850, married a sister of Miss Belle’s mother.

During her early years Miss Belle was distinguished for her sprightliness and the vivacity of her temper.

That our readers may have an opportunity of seeing what the Yankee correspondents say about this young lady, we extract the following article from the columns of the Philadelphia “Inquirer,” which was written by the army correspondent of that sheet:

“These women are the most accomplished in Southern circles. They are introduced under assumed names to our officers, so as to avoid detection or recognition from those to whom their names are known, but their persons unknown. By such [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862 , Texas Republican (Marshall)

The undersigned have been detailed to obtain clothing for their respective companies; W. A. Salmon for Capt. Allen’s company and N. H. Calloway for Capt. Berry’s company, Clark’s Regiment. The Clothing for Allen’s company will be left at the store of Mr. Sam. Bludworth, and that for Berry’s, with Mr. B. F. Frederici. It must all be in by the 28th inst., and plainly marked for the different members for whom it is intended. It is scarcely necessary to urge the relatives and friends of the soldiers to provide them with a liberal share of clothing, and where it is possible, with hats and shoes. The climate where they are destined to spend the winter is very severe, and if they fail to obtain the necessary articles from home to keep them comfortable, they must necessarily suffer, and in many instances die from exposure.

W. A. Salmon,
N. H. Calloway.

Marshall, Oct. 18, 1862.


October 18, 1862, The New York Herald

We have had some reports of late from Kentucky of heavy and decisive battles which require confirmation; but that Bragg rebel army is using its utmost exertions to escape southward, and that Buell is closing his lines around him, with every prospect of cutting him off or cutting him up, and reducing him to a precipitate and disastrous retreat, is certain. We anticipate at any moment authentic news of a great and decisive engagement, or of a hurried and ignominious flight of the rebels in that quarter, equivalent to the complete liberation of Kentucky, not only from rebel armies, but from rebel guerillas, to the end of the war.

The projected invasion and reconquest of Missouri by the rebel Generals Hindman and Rains appear to have been utterly demolished by Gen. Schofield; for since the late chastisement which he administered to those presumptuous interlopers we have no further reports of them within the limits of Missouri.

Nor do we entertain any apprehensions of the safety of Nashville. Considering the draft made upon the Tennessee rebels by Bragg’s army in Kentucky, and the number drawn off in the opposite direction to the routed army of Price and Van Dorn in Mississippi, it is not probable that the rebel force reported to be assembled in front of Nashville is anything more than a disorderly congregation of impudent but contemptible guerilla bands. In a word, with a crushing defeat or demoralizing flight of Bragg and his army – of which we shall soon have authentic intelligence – the rebellion will be substantially put down in the West, from Missouri and Kentucky southward to the Gulf of Mexico.

The advance of the advanced guard of Gen. McClellan’s army from Harper’s Ferry to Charlestown is a movement which signifies an impending battle with Gen. Lee or the pursuit of his forces up the valley of Virginia. The continuance of his rear guard at Shepherdstown, on the Potomac, is more, perhaps, to watch the movements of the main body of our army on the opposite side of the river, near Sharpsburg, than for the purpose of risking a battle. All the movements of the rebels, in fact, in the Shenandoah valley, and on the eastern side of the Blue Ridge, from Warrenton to Gordonsville, indicate [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, The Charleston Mercury

CHATTANOOGA, October 17. – The Rebel has a despatch from Lavergue, dated this morning, which says: ‘All is uncertainty. I believe the Yankees are leaving Nashville. In addition to the above, I am satisfied that something is going on. Letters from BRAGG’S army to our friends in Nashville and Springfield, say that BUELL’S army is the worst whipped and badly cut up army of the war. There is no doubt that we gained a glorious victory.’

(From Bragg’s Army direct.)

HARRODSBURG, Ky., October 10, via KNOXVILLE, October 17. – BRAGG’S fist pitched battle in Kentucky took place on the 8th inst., at Perryville, ten miles from this place. The enemy had been following us from Bardstown in force, and also threatened Frankfort. WITHERS’ division was sent forward to support KIRBY SMITH, while the divisions of CHEATHAM, BUCKNER and ANDERSON were countermarched to give battle to the foe in our rear. Our line of battle was formed on the right and left of the turnpike, so as to command the only route by which the enemy could approach. At. 6 a.m., the fight was opened with artillery. General BRAGG and staff reached the ground about 9 o’clock a.m. At 1 o’clock the enemy showed a disposition to attack our right. CHEATHAM and BUCKNER were posted so as to meet this movement. At 3 o’clock our forces advanced in splendid line, with General BRAGG’S order to push along the whole line to close quarters. For one hour and a half the enemy maintained his ground bravely in the face of a murderous fire of artillery and musketry. Our troops fought like heros. When, at last, the enemy began to falter, with a shout, our boys moved forward, and drove them for three or four miles entirely off the field.

Meantime, an attempt upon our left had been repulsed. We captured 21 pieces of artillery and between 500 and 600 prisoners. For want of horses, only eight of the captured guns were brought off. The returns are not in, but our casualties are estimated at fifteen hundred. Had we had one more division, the enemy would have been destroyed. Night put an end to the pursuit. The enemy’s loss is believed to have been more than double ours. Among their killed are General JACKSON, certain; and General [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, Clarksville, Texas Standard

Columbus, Miss.
Sept. 17th 1862.

Dear Standard:—

My last was from this place, but its contents had relation mostly to Richmond. Leaving Richmond on the morning of the 3d, Capt. McMasters, myself, and two other Texas gentlemen on military business, came to Lynchburg that night; and remained there two days.—Once again I had a long lingering look at the Blue ridge, and the Peaks of Otter, inhaled the pure air, and looked into the delicious haze of the mountain atmosphere. Its no use talking about sunny skies, and mild climate—these are productive of pleasure, but one who in boyhood has looked upon the mountains looming up to the clouds, and seen the light and shade upon their summits and slopes, and has paddled with his bare feet in the blue waves from the Ocean, rolling up upon some surf beaten beach, nothing else—nothing—nothing supplies the place in whole. Other scenes may render life agreeable; but at every mention in conversation, or in print the old love returns; and the full view of the reality for a little time, brings a period of happiness. My relative, whom I visited near Lynchburg had lived in Alabama once, for eight years; and told me his sensations when he once more got back to the Blue ridge, (he lives within six miles of the base), he felt that he never would be willing to leave the region any more for residence anywhere else. Lynchburg is on a hill side, and not at all attractive to strangers in its first appearance. But a little acquaintance will introduce to you charming residences spotted about the hills, elegantly decorated with rare shrubbery, and within doors, very refined society. Going out of the town westerly, as you reach the outer edge the Blue ridge breaks upon you in a blaze of beauty, and nearly all the way down to the Tennessee line, by the road to Chattanooga, the traveller passes through scenery of continued beauty, hill and dale, and clear running streams.—New river, where we crossed [click to continue…]


October 18, 1862, Savannah Republican(Georgia)

Our lights from the new gas continue intolerable. It is clear to our mind that the difficulty rests at the gas works, and consists of a lack of the proper amount of pressure. We tried a still larger burner last night, but with little effect.


October 18, 1862, Weekly Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock)

Mr. Joseph Schader will, hereafter, distribute one hundred pounds of beef each day to those who need and are not able to purchase it. This is well and handsomely done. Can not some other of the butchers, in town, and planters and others who furnish the town market from the country, do as much according to their means?


October 18, 1862, The Charleston Mercury

A gloom has been cast over our whole community by the announcement that the lion-hearted LAMAR is no more. His illness was a short one. He was first prostrated about a week ago, from the effects of exposure incurred in the discharge of his military duties on James Island, and died, at the Charleston Hotel, about five o’clock on Friday morning. His remains were taken to his home in Edgefield by the evening train on the South Carolina Railroad, Col. COLQUITT’S 46th Georgia Regiment and the Charleston Battalion forming the escort to the depot. As the solemn cortege passed along the streets, on the faces of citizens and soldiers alike, one could read the evidences of the deep and general sorrow.

THOMAS G. LAMAR was the son of a prominent and esteemed planter of the same name, who resided in Edgefield District. In his early boyhood the deceased exhibited in marked degree the traits of fearless determination and honesty of purpose, which have since distinguished him. With an academical education, he became a planter, and engaged successfully in agricultural pursuits. In the fall of 1860, he was elected as Representative of Edgefield District in the General Assembly and gave his hearty support to the movement which resulted in the secession of the State. He was appointed to a position on the Staff of Governor PICKENS, but his energetic spirit would not permit him to be idle, and he obtained the command of one of the Morris Island batteries. During the investment of Fort Sumter he labored steadily and with indefatigable zeal in strengthening and completing our works, and he participated in the action by which the reduction of the Fort was at length accomplished. Soon afterwards, he returned to Edgefield and organized an artillery company which he brought to this city. So popular, however, had his corps become, that it soon grew to be a battalion, and afterwards assumed the proportions of a regiment. Of the gallant and laborious services performed by this regiment and its Colonel, upon James’ Island, we need not speak in detail. It is enough to say that to Col. LAMAR, more, probably, than to any other one man, Charleston owes her present immunity from the presence of a besieging force. Never, while the bloody fight of Secessionville is remembered with pride, can our people forget the heroism of him, who commanded the battery on that fateful day.

Colonel LAMAR has fallen in the prime and vigor of manhood, having attained the age of thirty-eight. He leaves a wife and several children. In private life he was beloved by all who knew him, and the brave men whom he has trained to arms, will mourn his loss with heavy hearts. But he has not lived in vain. He has won the public thanks of the State and of the Confederacy for his nerve and valor; and, short as has been his military career, he sleeps in the grave of glory.


October 18, 1862, Southern Confederacy (Atlanta, Georgia)

From the Houston (Texas) Telegraph, Oct. 1

We take the following from our Texas exchanges. It does the heart good to see how things are managed out there. May they continue this good work till the last Yankee vandal departs to his Northern home, there forever to remain:

Heroic Corpus.—A good deal is said about heroic Vicksburg, and very justly said in praise of that city. But we have a little Texas village that certainly should not be overlooked in the roll of fame.

Corpus Christi is defended by three insignificant guns, and a handful of men. For months the Federal fleet off that coast have been making demonstrations at her harbor, endeavoring to obtain a lodgment upon her shore, and threatening the destruction of the town. These operations have been steadily met by our people, and resisted successful at all points. The other day the enemy brought up several vessels before the town to destroy it. They bombarded it two days with their heavy guns, but were finally driven off by the shore battery—thus again proving that gunboats are bugaboos. A few days after, the enemy attempted to cut up some shindies on shore—first having shelled the whole country, to make sure there were not Confederates about. There was a small force of our men concealed there, who remained quiet, and were not to be frightened by shells. At last the commander of the fleet, thinking the coast clear, made a landing in a launch. No sooner was it done than a polite Confederate Captain stepped up to him, passed the compliments of the morning, and took him prisoner right under the guns of his fleet!

Corpus and its brave defenders have distinguished themselves, and deserve no little credit for what they have done. [click to continue…]


October 17 — Last night was about as dark as they generally get in this country. I was on guard duty during the fore part of the night and it rained very hard all through my whole watch. We had no fire until after midnight, the ground, wood, and everything else being soaking wet; even the darkness felt like a wet blanket. I made my bed on top of a rock pile. It was a little hardish at first, but it was the driest place I could find and I had the sweet consolation of knowing that the ground all around the rock pile was soft.

Early this morning we were ordered to Summit Point to do picket duty. Summit Point is a station on the Winchester and Potomac Railroad, sixteen miles below Winchester. When we arrived at the station it was reported that the Yankees were advancing, and we put our guns in battery immediately and remained in battery until dusk, when we were ordered to Charlestown. We moved in that direction about two miles when the order was countermanded and we returned to Summit Point; camped. We heard cannon this afternoon in the direction of Martinsburg.


October 17, Friday. The question of traffic at Norfolk was discussed in Cabinet. General Dix has, I see, made some headway. Stanton wanted to transfer the whole subject of permits for army supplies and intercourse to General Dix. Chase thought there should be leave granted for return cargoes also. I requested, if there was to be a modification of the blockade, that it should be distinctly understood and announced to what extent. If traffic was to be authorized, it should be publicly known. Let us not have the shame, demoralization, and wrong of making a measure of this kind a cover for favoritism. No distinct conclusion was arrived at.


Friday, 17th—Everybody is now busy in the routine duties of camp life. The Government is having some deep wells drilled here in our camp; one of them is now completed and we are enjoying plenty of good water, although it is quite a job to draw it. We draw the water by means of a bucket attached to the end of a rope which runs upon a pulley fastened upon a tall pine tree standing near the well. The bucket is about four feet long and has a valve in the bottom. There are always some of the men at the well waiting for their turn to draw water.


Friday, 17th. Aroused at 3 A. M. Killed a calf for breakfast. Quite a time trying to kill a pig. Marched at sunrise. Whole command gone from old camp. Rear guard. At noon arrived at Kritsville. Stayed till 10 P. M. Marched again at 10 and moved till near morning. Lay down a few minutes by a little fire. Before daybreak passed the Arkansas line, Elkhorn Tavern, and stopped for a cold lunch on the old Pea Ridge battle ground. Interesting—trees considerably marred by bullets. Shot, grape, and shell picked up by different boys as relics of the battle.

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