The Situation.

August 29, 1862, The New York Herald

The most important intelligence from the army is the recent cavalry raid of the enemy on Manassas Junction and Bristow Station on Tuesday evening. The troops engaged numbered, according to all accounts, nearly two thousand men, and were a portion of Colonel Fitzhugh Lee’s forces, which made the attack on Catlett’s station a few days previous. The attack appears to have been first made on a train of cars at Bristow, about four and a half miles west of Manassas; but the train putting on extra speed escaped. The rebel cavalry then made a dash on Manassas, where they were partially checked by the Eleventh New York battery. The resistance, though gallant, was ineffectual, and the rebels destroyed everything within their reach — the railroad track, the cars, the telegraph wires and all the government stores and buildings. The place appeared to have been undefended save by three or four companies of infantry and the single battery of undisciplined troops who were unable to make any defence. It would seem, from the intelligence stated on the credit of the Baltimore American and the National Intelligencer, that this affair is something more than a mere raid. For instance, the former journal announced on the 27th, the large numbers of rebel troops were then marching on Mansassas after making a successful dash on the Union troops in the town of Waterford. The Intelligencer confirms this statement, and says that at the latest accounts (yesterday morning) fighting was still going on at Manassas, and that large bodies of our troops were going out there. This surprise reflects disgrace somewhere, and argues gross carelessness in leaving this important position unprotected. In order that our readers may comprehend more fully the nature of this movement, we give in another column a map of the locality.

We learn from Louisville, Ky., that the rebels, 1,800 strong, under Morgan, came into collision with General Johnson, near Gallatin, on the 21st, and compelled his force of 700 men to surrender. General Johnson and staff were kindly treated by the rebel chief, and released on parole. The Union loss was twenty-six killed, including Lieutenant Wynkoop, of the Seventh Pennsylvania cavalry, and two other officers, and thirty-three wounded. The rebel loss, including several officers, was thirteen killed and fifty wounded.

We publish in our news columns today another interesting installment of news from the South, from the Richmond papers of the 23d inst. The papers at the rebel capital are crying loudly for the annihilation of Washington, its reduction to ashes, &c., ad infinitum. A special order from the rebel War Department declares Generals Hunter and Phelps outlaws, who, if captured, will meet the death of felons. The extracts are worth perusal, if for nothing more than to infer the straits to which the rebels are being put to, to keep afloat their rapidly sinking cause.

Civil War

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