The Situation.

September 28, 1862, The New York Herald

The last news from the front of General McClellan’s army is that all is quiet there. No material change has taken place in either army. The wounded who arrived at Frederick were being sent North as rapidly as possible.

The movements of General Buell in Kentucky are very graphically described in our correspondence today. Buell saved Louisville, and with it Kentucky, and has undoubtedly averted a hostile attack upon Ohio and Indiana. By his cautious policy and his splendid attack on the rear guard of the rebel General Bragg, he completely outmanoeuvered the rebels and defeated their projects. Our correspondence describes the junction of Buell’s army with that of General Nelson at that city. The advance consisted of General Crittenden’s division. It was followed by those of McCook, Smith (formerly Ammen) and Wood.

The position of General Morgan, at Cumberland Gap, would appear from all the facts which reach us from the West to be pretty secure. It is true that some Western journals assert that he has abandoned that place, and that the papers of Richmond state that the rebel General Stephenson was in pursuit of him; but reports from his own headquarters mention that he is determined to hold the place, that his men are in good spirits, and supplied with provisions for seventy days.

The latest news from Missouri is that Generals Hindman and Rains, with a large force of rebels, had arrived at Granby miles, near the State line, and that General Schofield was advancing to meet them with a highly organized army.

The Anglo-Saxon, off Cape Race, brings European news to the 19th inst. — five days later.

The Tuscaroa was at Cadiz.

A Pairs correspondent believes Count Mercier has been ordered by the French government to make a conciliatory attempt to put a stop to the war in America for the sake of humanity.

The London Paris Times correspondent says Napoleon will undoubtedly favor the recognition of the Southern confederacy, and is anxious that the English government should adopt a similar course.

It was reported at the sailing of the Anglo-Saxon that the Southern rebels were having a large number of war steamers built in England; that they were purchasing steam vessels already finished, and that a steam ram was being constructed in the river Mersey for their service.

The question of the recognition of the rebel States was still canvassed; but at the latest dates the idea had not gained much ground. Our special correspondence from Paris, Berlin and St. Petersburg, published today, will be found of great interest, on account of referring as it does in full to the history of the causes which influence the Emperor of France and the Cabinets of England, Russia and Prussia for or against the adoption of a settled scheme of intervention in favor of the rebels. The bearing of such a step on the Eastern and Italian questions would be very decided, in consequence of the formation of new alliances, and hence the difficulty of the diplomatic arrangements; but our Paris correspondent asserts that Napoleon and England are both eager to act adversely to the Union cause should an opportunity present itself. Prussia, it is alleged, is urged in the same direction by selfish considerations regarding her future position in the German union and in Italy.

Mr. Beresford Hope, when seeking an election to Parliament for the borough of Stoke-on-Trent, England, based his claim to popular support chiefly on his former advocacy of the recognition of the independence of the South in the House of Commons. His arguments were heard with disfavor at first, but the electors were inclined towards his views at the conclusion of his speech. The Manchester politicians, under advice of Mr. Bright, circulated pamphlets against Mr. Hope’s prospects, on account of his sympathy with the rebels, and the danger of involving England with the United States by such legislation as he advocated.

Civil War

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