August 31, 1862, The New York Herald
HEADQUARTERS, FIELD OF BATTLE, GROVETON, NEAR GAINESVILLE,
August 30, 1862. TO MAJOR GENERAL HALLECK, GENERAL-IN-CHIEF, WASHINGTON, D.C.:—
We fought a terrific battle here yesterday with the combined forces of the enemy, which lasted with continuous fury from daylight until after dark, by which time the enemy was driven from the field, which we now occupy.
Our troops are too much exhausted to push matters; but I shall do so in the course of the morning, as soon as Fitz John Porter’s corps comes up from Manassas.
The enemy is still in our front, but badly used up.
We have lost not less than eight thousand men killed and wounded, and, from the appearance of the field, the enemy have lost at least two to our one. He stood strictly on the defensive, and every attack was made by ourselves.
Our troops have behaved splendidly.
The battle was fought on the identical battle field of Bull Run, which greatly increased the enthusiasm of our men.
The news just reaches us from the front that the enemy is retreating towards the mountains. I go forward at once to see.
We have made great captures; but I am not able yet to form an idea of their extent.
JOHN POPE, Major General Commanding.